Export query results to Amazon S3

This document describes how to export the result of a query that runs against a BigLake table to your Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) bucket.

For information about how data flows between BigQuery and Amazon S3, see Data flow when exporting data.

Before you begin

Ensure that you have the following resources:

Export query results

BigQuery Omni writes to the specified Amazon S3 location regardless of any existing content. The export query can overwrite existing data or mix the query result with existing data. We recommend that you export the query result to an empty Amazon S3 bucket.

To run a query, select one of the following options:


In the Query editor field, enter a GoogleSQL export query. GoogleSQL is the default syntax in the Google Cloud console.

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the BigQuery page.

    Go to BigQuery

  2. In the query editor, enter the following statement:

       OPTIONS(uri="s3://BUCKET_NAME/PATH", format="FORMAT", ...)
       AS QUERY

    Replace the following:

    • CONNECTION_REGION: the region where the connection was created.
    • CONNECTION_NAME: the connection name that you created with the necessary permission to write to the Amazon S3 bucket.
    • BUCKET_NAME: the Amazon S3 bucket where you want to write the data.
    • PATH: the path where you want to write the exported file to. It must contain exactly one wildcard * anywhere in the leaf directory of the path string, for example, ../aa/*, ../aa/b*c, ../aa/*bc, and ../aa/bc*. BigQuery replaces * with 0000..N depending on the number of files exported. BigQuery determines the file count and sizes. If BigQuery decides to export two files, then * in the first file's filename is replaced by 000000000000, and * in the second file's filename is replaced by 000000000001.
    • FORMAT: supported formats are JSON, AVRO, CSV, and PARQUET.
    • QUERY: the query to analyze the data that is stored in a BigLake table.

    • Click Run.

For more information about how to run queries, see Run an interactive query.


Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the BigQuery quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the BigQuery Java API reference documentation.

To authenticate to BigQuery, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for client libraries.

import com.google.cloud.bigquery.BigQuery;
import com.google.cloud.bigquery.BigQueryException;
import com.google.cloud.bigquery.BigQueryOptions;
import com.google.cloud.bigquery.QueryJobConfiguration;
import com.google.cloud.bigquery.TableResult;

// Sample to export query results to Amazon S3 bucket
public class ExportQueryResultsToS3 {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "MY_PROJECT_ID";
    String datasetName = "MY_DATASET_NAME";
    String externalTableName = "MY_EXTERNAL_TABLE_NAME";
    // connectionName should be in the format of connection_region.connection_name. e.g.
    // aws-us-east-1.s3-write-conn
    // destinationUri must contain exactly one * anywhere in the leaf directory of the path string
    // e.g. ../aa/*, ../aa/b*c, ../aa/*bc, and ../aa/bc*
    // BigQuery replaces * with 0000..N depending on the number of files exported.
    // BigQuery determines the file count and sizes.
    String destinationUri = "s3://your-bucket-name/*";
    String format = "EXPORT_FORMAT";
    // Export result of query to find states starting with 'W'
    String query =
            "EXPORT DATA WITH CONNECTION `%s` OPTIONS(uri='%s', format='%s') "
              + "AS SELECT * FROM %s.%s.%s WHERE name LIKE 'W%%'",
            connectionName, destinationUri, format, projectId, datasetName, externalTableName);

  public static void exportQueryResultsToS3(String query) throws InterruptedException {
    try {
      // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
      // once, and can be reused for multiple requests.
      BigQuery bigquery = BigQueryOptions.getDefaultInstance().getService();

      TableResult results = bigquery.query(QueryJobConfiguration.of(query));

          .forEach(row -> row.forEach(val -> System.out.printf("%s,", val.toString())));

      System.out.println("Query results exported to Amazon S3 successfully.");
    } catch (BigQueryException e) {
      System.out.println("Query not performed \n" + e.toString());


If you get an error related to quota failure, then check if you have reserved capacity for your queries. For more information about slot reservations, see Before you begin in this document.


For a full list of limitations that apply to BigLake tables based on Amazon S3 and Blob Storage, see Limitations.

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