Specify entity risk score in rules

This document describes how to use entity risk scores in rules. In rules, entity risk scores behave in a way that is similar to entity context. You can write YARA-L 2.0 rules to use risk scores as the main detection method. For more information about rules on risk analytics, see Create rules for Risk Analytics. For more information on more risk-based context, see Creating context-aware analytics.

To retrieve an entity risk score, join an entity with a UDM event and retrieve the specified field from EntityRisk.

The following example shows how to create a rule to generate detections on any entity hostname whose risk score is greater than 100.

rule EntityRiskScore {
    $e1.principal.hostname != ""
    $e1.principal.hostname = $hostname

    $e2.graph.entity.hostname = $hostname
    $e2.graph.risk_score.risk_window_size.seconds = 86400 // 24 hours
    $e2.graph.risk_score.risk_score >= 100

    // Run deduplication across the risk score.
    $rscore = $e2.graph.risk_score.risk_score

    // Dedup on hostname, risk window, and score across a 4 hour window.
    $hostname, $rwindow, $rscore over 4h

    // Force these risk score based rules to have a risk score of zero to
    // prevent self feedback loops.
    $risk_score = 0

    $e1 and $e2

This example rule also performs a self deduplication using the match section. If a rule detection might trigger, but the hostname and risk score remain unchanged within a 4-hour window, no new detections will be created.

The only possible risk windows for entity risk score rules are either 24 hours or 7 days (86,400 or 604,800 seconds respectively). If you don't include the risk window size in the rule, the rule will return inaccurate results.

Entity risk score data is stored separately from entity context data. To use both in a rule, the rule must have two separate entity events, one for the entity context and one for the entity risk score, as shown as in the following example:

rule EntityContextAndRiskScore {
    $log_in.metadata.event_type = "USER_LOGIN"
    $log_in.principal.hostname = $host

    $context.graph.entity.hostname = $host
    $context.graph.metadata.entity_type = "ASSET"

    $risk_score.graph.entity.hostname = $host
    $risk_score.graph.risk_score.risk_window_size.seconds = 604800

    $host over 2m

    $entity_risk_score = max($risk_score.graph.risk_score.normalized_risk_score)

    $log_in and $context and $risk_score and $entity_risk_score > 100