Build your own pipeline components

It's common that when running a component, you want to not only see the link to the component job being launched, but also the link to the underlying cloud resources, such as the Vertex batch prediction jobs or dataflow jobs.

The gcp_resource proto is a special parameter that you can use in your component to enable the Google Cloud console to provide a customized view of the resource's logs and status in the Vertex AI Pipelines console.

Output the gcp_resource parameter

Using a container-based component

First, you'll need to define the gcp_resource parameter in your component as shown in the following example file:


To learn how to install or update the Vertex AI SDK for Python, see Install the Vertex AI SDK for Python. For more information, see the Python API reference documentation.

# Copyright 2023 The Kubeflow Authors. All Rights Reserved.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
from typing import List

from google_cloud_pipeline_components import _image
from google_cloud_pipeline_components import _placeholders
from kfp.dsl import container_component
from kfp.dsl import ContainerSpec
from kfp.dsl import OutputPath

def dataflow_python(
    python_module_path: str,
    temp_location: str,
    gcp_resources: OutputPath(str),
    location: str = 'us-central1',
    requirements_file_path: str = '',
    args: List[str] = [],
    project: str = _placeholders.PROJECT_ID_PLACEHOLDER,
  # fmt: off
  """Launch a self-executing Beam Python file on Google Cloud using the
  Dataflow Runner.

      location: Location of the Dataflow job. If not set, defaults to `'us-central1'`.
      python_module_path: The GCS path to the Python file to run.
      temp_location: A GCS path for Dataflow to stage temporary job files created during the execution of the pipeline.
      requirements_file_path: The GCS path to the pip requirements file.
      args: The list of args to pass to the Python file. Can include additional parameters for the Dataflow Runner.
      project: Project to create the Dataflow job. Defaults to the project in which the PipelineJob is run.

      gcp_resources: Serialized gcp_resources proto tracking the Dataflow job. For more details, see
  # fmt: on
  return ContainerSpec(

Next, inside the container, install the Google Cloud Pipeline Components package:

pip install --upgrade google-cloud-pipeline-components

Next, in the Python code, define the resource as a gcp_resource parameter:


To learn how to install or update the Vertex AI SDK for Python, see Install the Vertex AI SDK for Python. For more information, see the Python API reference documentation.

from google_cloud_pipeline_components.proto.gcp_resources_pb2 import GcpResources
from google.protobuf.json_format import MessageToJson

dataflow_resources = GcpResources()
dr = dataflow_resources.resources.add()

with open(gcp_resources, 'w') as f:

Using a Python component

Alternatively, you can return the gcp_resources output parameter as you would any string output parameter:

def launch_dataflow_component(project: str, location:str) -> NamedTuple("Outputs",  [("gcp_resources", str)]):
  # Launch the dataflow job
  dataflow_job_id = [dataflow-id]
  dataflow_resources = GcpResources()
  dr = dataflow_resources.resources.add()
  return gcp_resources

Supported resource_type values

You can set the resource_type to be an arbitrary string, but only the following types have links in the Google Cloud console:

  • BatchPredictionJob
  • BigQueryJob
  • CustomJob
  • DataflowJob
  • HyperparameterTuningJob

Write a component to cancel the underlying resources

When a pipeline job is canceled, the default behavior is for the underlying Google Cloud resources to keep running. They are not canceled automatically. To change this behavior, you should attach a SIGTERM handler to the pipeline job. A good place to do this is just before a polling loop for a job that could run for a long time.

Cancellation has been implemented on several Google Cloud Pipeline Components, including:

  • Batch prediction job
  • BigQuery ML job
  • Custom job
  • Dataproc Serverless batch job
  • Hyperparameter tuning job

For more information, including sample code that shows how to attach a SIGTERM handler, see the following GitHub links:

Consider the following when implementing your SIGTERM handler:

  • Cancellation propagation works only after the component has been running for a few minutes. This is typically due to background startup tasks that need to be processed before the Python signal handlers are called.
  • Some Google Cloud resources might not have cancellation implemented. For example, creating or deleting a Vertex AI Endpoint or Model could create a long-running operation that accepts a cancellation request through its REST API, but doesn't implement the cancellation operation itself.