Running services on a schedule

You can use Cloud Scheduler to securely trigger a Cloud Run service on a schedule. This is similar to using cron jobs.

Possible use cases include:

  • Performing backups on a timed basis
  • Performing recurrent administration tasks, such as:
    • Re-generating a sitemap
    • Deleting old data, content, configuration, or revisions
    • Synchronizing content between data systems
    • Processing daily email notifications
    • Verifying and reporting on access to downstream services
  • Generating documents, such as bills

This page shows how to securely use Cloud Scheduler with Cloud Run in the same Google Cloud project.

Before you start

Enable the Cloud Scheduler API on the project you are using.

Creating and deploying your service

To create and deploy:

  1. In your service, implement the job that you want to run on a schedule.

  2. Note which request type your service is expecting to receive the job requests from, for example, GET or POST. When you create the scheduled job that invokes your service, you'll need to specify the HTTP method that matches this.

  3. When you deploy the service you are using with Cloud Scheduler, make sure you do NOT allow unauthenticated invocations.

The following example shows how to deploy a Cloud Run service using Terraform:

resource "google_cloud_run_v2_service" "default" {
  name     = "my-scheduled-service"
  location = "us-central1"

  template {
    containers {
      image = ""

  # Use an explicit depends_on clause to wait until API is enabled
  depends_on = [

Replace with a reference to your own container image.

Creating a service account for Cloud Scheduler

You need to create a service account to associate with Cloud Scheduler, and give that service account the permission to invoke your Cloud Run service. You can use an existing service account to represent Cloud Scheduler, or you can create a new one.

To create a service account and give it permission to invoke the Cloud Run service:


  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Service Accounts page.

    Go to Service Accounts

  2. Select a project.

  3. Enter a service account name to display in the Google Cloud console.

    The Google Cloud console generates a service account ID based on this name. Edit the ID if necessary. You cannot change the ID later.

  4. Optional: Enter a description of the service account.

  5. Click Create and continue.

  6. Optional: Click the Select a role field.

  7. Select Cloud Run > Cloud Run Invoker.

  8. Click Done.

Command line

  1. Create the service account:

    gcloud iam service-accounts create SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME \
       --display-name "DISPLAYED_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME"


    • SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME with a lower case name unique within your Google Cloud project, for example my-invoker-service-account-name.
    • DISPLAYED_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME with the name you want to display for this service account, for example, in the console, for example, My Invoker Service Account.
  2. For Cloud Run, give your service account permission to invoke your service:

    gcloud run services add-iam-policy-binding SERVICE \ \


    • SERVICE with the name of the service you want to be invoked by Cloud Scheduler.
    • SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME with the name of the service account.
    • PROJECT_ID with your Google Cloud project ID.
  3. Grant your service account access to the project so that it has permission to complete specific actions on the resources in your project:

    gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding RESOURCE_ID \
       --member=PRINCIPAL --role=roles/run.invoker


    • RESOURCE_ID: Your Google Cloud project ID.

    • PRINCIPAL: An identifier for the principal, or member, which usually has the following form: PRINCIPAL_TYPE:ID. For example, For a full list of the values that PRINCIPAL can have, see the Policy Binding reference.


To learn how to apply or remove a Terraform configuration, see Basic Terraform commands.

To create a service account using Terraform:

resource "google_service_account" "default" {
  account_id   = "scheduler-sa"
  description  = "Cloud Scheduler service account; used to trigger scheduled Cloud Run jobs."
  display_name = "scheduler-sa"

  # Use an explicit depends_on clause to wait until API is enabled
  depends_on = [

resource "google_cloud_run_service_iam_member" "default" {
  location = google_cloud_run_v2_service.default.location
  service  =
  role     = "roles/run.invoker"
  member   = "serviceAccount:${}"

Creating a Cloud Scheduler job

You'll need to create a job that invokes your service at specified times. You can use either the console or the command line:

To create a job you can use either the console or the gcloud command line. Click on the appropriate tab:


  1. Visit the Cloud Scheduler console page.

    Go to Cloud Scheduler

  2. Click Create job.


  3. Supply a name for the job.

  4. Specify the frequency, or job interval, at which the job is to run, using a configuration string. For example, the string 0 */3 * * * runs the job every 3 hours. The string you supply here can be any crontab compatible string.

    For more information, see Configuring Job Schedules.

  5. From the dropdown list, choose the timezone to be used for the job frequency.

  6. Specify HTTP as the target:

    1. Specify the fully qualified URL of your service, for example The job will send requests to this URL.

    2. Specify the HTTP method: the method must match what your previously deployed Cloud Run service is expecting. The default is POST.

    3. Optionally, specify the data to be sent to the target. This data is sent in the body of the request when either the POST or PUT HTTP method is selected.

    4. Click More to show the auth settings.

    5. From the dropdown menu, select Add OIDC token.

    6. In the Service account field, copy the service account email of the service account you created previously.

    7. In the Audience field, copy the full URL of your service.

  7. Click Create to create and save the job.

Command line

You need to use OIDC authentication to access an authenticated Cloud Run service from Cloud Scheduler. OIDC authentication includes the service account and audience flags. For more information, see Use Authentication for HTTP Targets.

To create the Cloud Scheduler job:

gcloud scheduler jobs create http test-job --schedule "5 * * * *" 


  • HTTP-METHOD with the HTTP method (i.e. GET, POST, PUT, etc).
  • SERVICE-URL with your service URL.
  • SERVICE-ACCOUNT-EMAIL with your service account email.


To learn how to apply or remove a Terraform configuration, see Basic Terraform commands.

To create a Cloud Scheduler job for the Cloud Run service:

resource "google_cloud_scheduler_job" "default" {
  name             = "scheduled-cloud-run-job"
  region           = "us-central1"
  description      = "Invoke a Cloud Run container on a schedule."
  schedule         = "*/8 * * * *"
  time_zone        = "America/New_York"
  attempt_deadline = "320s"

  retry_config {
    retry_count = 1

  http_target {
    http_method = "POST"
    uri         = google_cloud_run_v2_service.default.uri

    oidc_token {
      service_account_email =

  # Use an explicit depends_on clause to wait until API is enabled
  depends_on = [

Your Cloud Run service will be triggered via a request by the Cloud Scheduler job at the frequency you defined. You can confirm and monitor this by examining the logs for this service.

What's next