Configure NFS volume mounts for jobs

This page shows how to mount an NFS file share as a volume in Cloud Run. You can use any NFS server, including your own NFS server hosted on-premises, or on a Compute Engine VM. If you don't already have an NFS server, we recommend Filestore, which is a fully managed NFS offering from Google Cloud.

If you are looking to use NBD, 9P, CIFS/Samba, and Ceph network file systems refer to using NBD, 9P, CIFS/Samba, and Ceph network file systems.

Mounting the NFS file share as a volume in Cloud Run presents the file share as files in the container file system. After you you mount the file share as a volume, you access it as if it were a directory on your local file system, using your programming language's file system operations and libraries.

Disallowed paths

Cloud Run does not allow you to mount a volume at /dev, /proc and /sys, or on their subdirectories.


  • In order to write to an NFS volume, your container must run as root. If your container only reads from the file system, it can run as any user.

  • Cloud Run does not support NFS locking. NFS volumes are automatically mounted in no-lock mode.

Before you begin

To mount an NFS server as a volume in Cloud Run, make sure you have the following:

  • A VPC Network where your NFS server or Filestore instance is running.
  • An NFS server running in a VPC network, with your Cloud Run service connected to that VPC network. If you don't already have an NFS server, create one by creating a Filestore instance.
  • Your Cloud Run service is attached to the VPC network where your NFS server is running. For best performance, use Direct VPC rather than VPC Connectors.
  • If you're using an existing project, make sure that your VPC Firewall configuration allows Cloud Run to reach your NFS server. (If you're starting from a new project, this is true by default.) If you're using Filestore as your NFS server, follow the Filestore documentation to create a Firewall egress rule to enable Cloud Run to reach Filestore.

Mount an NFS volume

You can mount multiple NFS servers, Filestore instances, or other volume types at different mount paths.

If you are using multiple containers, first specify the volume(s), then specify the volume mount(s) for each container.


  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Cloud Run jobs page:

    Go to Cloud Run

  2. If you are configuring a new job, click the Jobs tab and fill out the initial job settings page as desired. If you are configuring an existing job, click the job, then click Edit.

  3. Click Container, variables and secrets, connections, security to expand the job properties page.

  4. Click the Volumes tab.


    • Under Volumes:
      • Click Add volume.
      • In the Volume type drop-down, select NFS as the volume type.
      • In the Volume name field, enter the name you want to use for the volume.
      • In the NFS server field, enter the domain name or location (in the form IP_ADDRESS) of the NFS file share.
      • In the Path field, enter the path to the NFS server directory that you want to mount.
      • Click Done.
    • Click the Container tab, then expand the container you are mounting the volume to, to edit the container.
    • Click the Volume Mounts tab.
      • Click Mount volume.
      • Select the NFS volume from the menu.
      • Specify the path where you want to mount the volume.
      • Click Mount Volume
  5. Click Create or Update.


  • To add a volume and mount it:

    gcloud beta run jobs update JOB \
    --add-volume name=VOLUME_NAME,type=nfs,location=IP_ADDRESS:NFS_PATH \
    --add-volume-mount volume=VOLUME_NAME,mount-path=MOUNT_PATH


    • JOB with the name of your job.
    • VOLUME_NAME with the name you want to give your volume.
    • IP_ADDRESS with the location of the NFS file share.
    • NFS_PATH with the path to the NFS file share.
    • MOUNT_PATH with the path within the container file system where you want to mount this volume.
  • To mount your volume as a read-only volume:

    --add-volume name VOLUME_NAME,type=nfs,location=IP_ADDRESS:NFS_PATH,readonly=true
  • If you are using multiple containers, first specify the volumes, then specify the volume mounts for each container:

    gcloud beta run jobs update JOB \
    --add-volume name=VOLUME_NAME,type=nfs,location=IP_ADDRESS:NFS_PATH \
    --container CONTAINER_1 \
    --add-volume-mount volume= VOLUME_NAME,mount-path=MOUNT_PATH \
    --container CONTAINER_2 \
    --add-volume-mount volume=VOLUME_NAME,mount-path=MOUNT_PATH2


  1. If you are creating a new job, skip this step. If you are updating an existing job, download its YAML configuration:

    gcloud run jobs describe JOB_NAME --format export > job.yaml
  2. Update the MOUNT_PATH, VOLUME_NAME, IP_ADDRESS, and NFS_PATH as needed. If you have multiple volume mounts, you will have multiples of these attributes.

    kind: Job
      name: JOB_NAME
              - image: IMAGE_URL
                - name: VOLUME_NAME
                  mountPath: MOUNT_PATH
              - name: VOLUME_NAME
                  server: IP_ADDRESS
                  path: NFS_PATH
                  readonly: IS_READ_ONLY


    • JOB with the name of your Cloud Run job
    • MOUNT_PATH with the relative path where you are mounting the volume, for example, /mnt/my-volume.
    • VOLUME_NAME with any name you want for your volume. The VOLUME_NAME value is used to map the volume to the volume mount.
    • IP_ADDRESS with the address of the NFS file share.
    • NFS_PATH with the path to the NFS file share.
    • IS_READ_ONLY with True to make the volume read-only, or False to allow writes.
  3. Replace the service with its new configuration using the following command:

    gcloud beta run jobs replace job.yaml

Reading and writing to a volume

If you use the Cloud Run volume mount feature, you access a mounted volume using the same libraries in your programming language that you use to read and write files on your local file system.

This is especially useful if you're using an existing container that expects data to be stored on the local file system and uses regular file system operations to access it.

The following snippets assume a volume mount with a mountPath set to /mnt/my-volume.


Use the File System module to create a new file or append to an existing in the volume, /mnt/my-volume:

var fs = require('fs');
fs.appendFileSync('/mnt/my-volume/sample-logfile.txt', 'Hello logs!', { flag: 'a+' });


Write to a file kept in the volume, /mnt/my-volume:

f = open("/mnt/my-volume/sample-logfile.txt", "a")


Use the os package to create a new file kept in the volume, /mnt/my-volume

f, err := os.Create("/mnt/my-volume/sample-logfile.txt")


Use the class to create a log file in the volume, /mnt/my-volume:

File f = new File("/mnt/my-volume/sample-logfile.txt");

Troubleshooting NFS

If you experience problems, check the following:

  • Your Cloud Run service is connected to the VPC network that the NFS server is on.
  • There are no firewall rules preventing Cloud Run from reaching the NFS server.
  • If your container writes to your NFS server, make sure it is running as root.