Control Dataflow log ingestion

Exclusion filters let you control the volume of Dataflow logs ingested by Cloud Logging while still making verbose logging available for debugging. You can use exclusion filters to exclude matching log entries from being ingested by Cloud Logging or from being routed to the destination of the sink. Create exclusion filters by using the Logging query language. Logging query language lets you specify a subset of all log entries in your selected Google Cloud resource, such as a project or a folder.

By using exclusion filters, you can reduce the Cloud Logging costs incurred by Dataflow log ingestion. For more information about log ingestion pricing for Cloud Logging, see the Cloud Logging pricing summary. For more details about how exclusion filters work and their limitations, see Exclusion filters in the Cloud Logging documentation.

Dataflow jobs emit multiple log types. This page demonstrates how to filter Dataflow job logs and worker logs.

Create log exclusion filters

This example creates an exclusion filter on the _Default Cloud Logging sink. The filter excludes all DEFAULT, DEBUG, INFO, and NOTICE severity Dataflow logs from being ingested into Cloud Logging. WARNING, ERROR, CRITICAL, ALERT, and EMERGENCY severity logs are still captured. For more information about supported log levels, see LogSeverity.

Before you begin

  1. Sign in to your Google Cloud account. If you're new to Google Cloud, create an account to evaluate how our products perform in real-world scenarios. New customers also get $300 in free credits to run, test, and deploy workloads.
  2. In the Google Cloud console, on the project selector page, select or create a Google Cloud project.

    Go to project selector

  3. Make sure that billing is enabled for your Google Cloud project.

  4. In the Google Cloud console, on the project selector page, select or create a Google Cloud project.

    Go to project selector

  5. Make sure that billing is enabled for your Google Cloud project.


As you get started, ensure the following:

  • You have a Google Cloud project with logs that you can see in the Logs Explorer.

  • You have one of the following IAM roles for the source Google Cloud project from which you're routing logs.

    • Owner (roles/owner)
    • Logging Admin (roles/logging.admin)
    • Logs Configuration Writer (roles/logging.configWriter)

    The permissions contained in these roles let you create, delete, or modify sinks. For information on setting IAM roles, see the Logging Access control guide.

  • You have a resource in a supported destination or can create one.

    You need to create the routing destination before the sink, through either Google Cloud CLI, Google Cloud console, or the Google Cloud APIs. You can create the destination in any Google Cloud project in any organization. Before you create the destination, make sure the service account from the sink has permissions to write to the destination.

Add an exclusion filter

The following steps demonstrate how to add a Cloud Logging exclusion filter to your Dataflow logs. This exclusion filter selects all Dataflow log entries with the severity DEFAULT, DEBUG, INFO, and NOTICE from jobs that have a Dataflow job name that does not end in the string debug. The filter excludes these logs from ingestion into the Default Cloud Logging bucket.

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Logs Router page:

    Go to Logs Router

  2. Find the row with the _Default sink, expand the Actions option, and then click Edit sink.

  3. In Choose logs to filter out of sink, for Build an exclusion filter, click Add exclusion.

  4. Enter a name for your exclusion filter.

  5. In the Build an exclusion filter section, paste the following text into the box:

    resource.type="dataflow_step" AND
    labels.""!~".*debug" AND
    • The first line selects all log entries generated by the Dataflow service.
    • The second line selects all log entries where the job_name field does not end with the string debug.
    • The third line selects all log entries with the severity DEFAULT, DEBUG, INFO, or NOTICE.
  6. Click Update sink.

Test your exclusion filter

You can verify that the filter is working correctly by running a sample Dataflow job and then viewing the logs.

After your job starts running, to view job logs, complete the following steps:

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Dataflow Jobs page.

    Go to Jobs

    A list of Dataflow jobs appears along with their status.

  2. Select a job.

  3. On the Job details page, in the Logs panel, click Show.

  4. Verify that no logs appear in the Job logs panel and that no DEFAULT, DEBUG, INFO, or NOTICE logs appear in the Worker logs panel.

Bypass the exclusion filter

The Dataflow job name (job_name) is used to provide a bypass mechanism for scenarios where the generated Dataflow logs need to be captured. You can use this bypass to rerun a failed job and capture all the log information.

The filter created in this scenario retains all log entries when the job_name field ends with the string debug. When you want to bypass the exclusion filter and display all logs for a Dataflow job, append debug to the job name. For example, to bypass the exclusion filter, you could use the job name dataflow-job-debug.

Compare log counts

If you want to compare the volume of logs ingested with and without the exclusion filter, run one job with debug appended to the job name and one without. Use the system-defined, logs-based metric Log bytes to view and compare the ingestion data. For more information about viewing ingestion data, see View ingestion data in Metrics Explorer.

Create an external destination

Optionally, after you create the exclusion filter, you can create an additional Cloud Logging sink. Use this sink to redirect the complete set of Dataflow logs into a supported external destination, such as BigQuery, Pub/Sub, or Splunk.

In this scenario, the external logs aren't stored in Logs Explorer but are available in the external destination. Using an external destination gives you more control over the costs incurred by storing logs in Logs Explorer.

For steps detailing how to control how Cloud Logging routes logs, see Configure and manage sinks. To capture all Dataflow logs in an external destination, in the Choose logs to include in sink panel, in the Build inclusion filter field, enter the following filter expression:


To find log entries that you routed from Cloud Logging to supported destinations, see View logs in sink destinations.

Track Dataflow log messages by severity

Exclusion filters do not apply to user-defined logs-based metrics. These metrics count the number of log entries that match a given filter or record particular values within the matching log entries. To track counts of Dataflow log messages based on severity, you can create a logs-based metric for the Dataflow logs. The logs are tracked even when the log messages are excluded from ingestion.

You're billed for user-defined logs-based metrics. For pricing information, see Chargeable metrics.

To configure user-defined logs-based metrics, see Create a counter metric. To track the Dataflow logs, in the Filter selection section, in the Build filter box, enter the following text: