Using GKE Dataplane V2

This page explains how to enable GKE Dataplane V2 for Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE) clusters.

New Autopilot clusters have GKE Dataplane V2 enabled in versions 1.22.7-gke.1500 and later and versions 1.23.4-gke.1500 and later. If you're experiencing issues with using GKE Dataplane V2, skip to Troubleshooting.

Creating a GKE cluster with GKE Dataplane V2

You can enable GKE Dataplane V2 when you create new clusters with GKE version 1.20.6-gke.700 and later by using the gcloud CLI or the Kubernetes Engine API. You can also enable GKE Dataplane V2 in Preview when you create new clusters with GKE version 1.17.9 and later


To create a new cluster with GKE Dataplane V2, perform the following tasks:

  1. Go to the Google Kubernetes Engine page in the Google Cloud console.

    Go to Google Kubernetes Engine

  2. Click Create.

  3. Click Configure to configure a Standard cluster.

  4. In the Networking section, select the Enable Dataplane V2 checkbox. The Enable Kubernetes Network Policy option is disabled when you select Enable Dataplane V2 because network policy enforcement is built into GKE Dataplane V2.

  5. Click Create.


To create a new cluster with GKE Dataplane V2, use the following command:

gcloud container clusters create CLUSTER_NAME \
    --enable-dataplane-v2 \
    --enable-ip-alias \
    --release-channel CHANNEL_NAME \
    --location COMPUTE_LOCATION

Replace the following:

  • CLUSTER_NAME: the name of your new cluster.
  • CHANNEL_NAME: a release channel that includes GKE version 1.20.6-gke.700 or later. If you prefer not to use a release channel, you can also use the --cluster-version flag instead of --release-channel, specifying version 1.20.6-gke.700 or later.
  • COMPUTE_LOCATION: the Compute Engine location for the new cluster.


To create a new cluster with GKE Dataplane V2, specify the datapathProvider field in the networkConfig object in your cluster create request.

The following JSON snippet shows the configuration needed to enable GKE Dataplane V2:


Replace the following:

  • VERSION: your cluster version, which must be GKE 1.20.6-gke.700 or later.
  • CHANNEL_NAME: a release channel that includes GKE version 1.20.6-gke.700 or later.

Troubleshooting issues with GKE Dataplane V2

This section shows you how to investigate and resolve issues with GKE Dataplane V2.

  1. Confirm that GKE Dataplane V2 is enabled:

    kubectl -n kube-system get pods -l k8s-app=cilium -o wide

    If GKE Dataplane V2 is running, the output includes Pods with the prefix anetd-. anetd is the networking controller for GKE Dataplane V2.

  2. If the issue is with services or network policy enforcement, check the anetd Pod logs. Use the following log selectors in Cloud Logging:

  3. If Pod creation is failing, check the kubelet logs for clues. Use the following log selectors in Cloud Logging:


    Replace CLUSTER_NAME with the name of the cluster, or remove it entirely to see logs for all clusters.

Known issues

Network Policy port ranges do not take effect

If you specify an endPort field in a Network Policy on a cluster that has GKE Dataplane V2 enabled, it will not take effect.

Starting in GKE 1.22, the Kubernetes Network Policy API lets you specify a range of ports where the Network Policy is enforced. This API is supported in clusters with Calico Network Policy but is not supported in clusters with GKE Dataplane V2.

You can verify the behavior of your NetworkPolicy objects by reading them back after writing them to the API server. If the object still contains the endPort field, the feature is enforced. If the endPort field is missing, the feature is not enforced. In all cases, the object stored in the API server is the source of truth for the Network Policy.

For more information see KEP-2079: Network Policy to support Port Ranges.

Pods display failed to allocate for range 0: no IP addresses available in range set error message

Affected GKE versions: 1.22 to 1.25

GKE clusters running node pools that use containerd and have GKE Dataplane V2 enabled might experience IP address leak issues and exhaust all the Pod IP addresses on a node. A Pod scheduled on an affected node displays an error message similar to the following:

failed to allocate for range 0: no IP addresses available in range set:

For more information about the issue, see containerd issue #5768.

Fixed versions

To fix this issue, upgrade your cluster to one of the following GKE versions:

  • 1.22.17-gke.3100 or later.
  • 1.23.16-gke.200 or later.
  • 1.24.9-gke.3200 or later.
  • 1.25.6-gke.200 or later.

Workarounds for standard GKE clusters

You can mitigate this issue by deleting the leaked Pod IP addresses for the node.

To delete the leaked Pod IP addresses, get authentication credentials for the cluster and run the following steps to clean up a single node, if you know its name.

  1. Save the following shell script to a file named

    for hash in $(sudo find /var/lib/cni/networks/gke-pod-network -iregex '/var/lib/cni/networks/gke-pod-network/[0-9].*' -exec head -n1 {} \;); do hash="${hash%%[[:space:]]}"; if [ -z $(sudo ctr -n c ls | grep $hash | awk '{print $1}') ]; then sudo grep -ilr $hash /var/lib/cni/networks/gke-pod-network; fi; done | sudo xargs -r rm
  2. Run the script on a cluster node:

    gcloud compute ssh --zone "ZONE" --project "PROJECT" NODE_NAME --command "$(cat"

    Replace NODE_NAME with the name of the node.

You can also run a DaemonSet version of this script to run in parallel on all nodes at once:

  1. Save the following manifest to a file named cleanup-ips.yaml:

    apiVersion: apps/v1
    kind: DaemonSet
      name: cleanup-ipam-dir
      namespace: kube-system
          name: cleanup-ipam
            name: cleanup-ipam
          hostNetwork: true
            runAsUser: 0
            runAsGroup: 0
          - name: cleanup-ipam
              - /bin/bash
              - -c
              - |
                while true; do
                for hash in $(find /hostipam -iregex '/hostipam/[0-9].*' -mmin +10 -exec head -n1 {} \; ); do
                if [ -z $(ctr -n c ls | grep $hash | awk '{print $1}') ]; then
                grep -ilr $hash /hostipam
                done | xargs -r rm
                echo "Done cleaning up /var/lib/cni/networks/gke-pod-network at $(date)"
                sleep 120s
            - name: host-ipam
              mountPath: /hostipam
            - name: host-ctr
              mountPath: /run/containerd
          - name: host-ipam
              path: /var/lib/cni/networks/gke-pod-network
          - name: host-ctr
              path: /run/containerd
  2. Run the daemonset on the cluster:

    kubectl apply -f cleanup-ips.yaml

    You must have kubectl access as an administrator of the cluster to run this command.

  3. Check the logs of the running DaemonSet:

    kubectl -n kube-system logs -l name=cleanup-ipam

Network Policy drops a connection due to incorrect connection tracking lookup

When a client Pod connects to itself via a Service or the virtual IP address of an internal passthrough Network Load Balancer, the reply packet is not identified as a part of an existing connection due to incorrect conntrack lookup in the dataplane. This means that a Network Policy that restricts ingress traffic for the pod is incorrectly enforced on the packet.

The impact of this issue depends on the number of configured Pods for the Service. For example, if the Service has 1 backend Pod, the connection always fails. If the Service has 2 backend Pods, the connection fails 50% of the time.

Fixed versions

To fix this issue, upgrade your cluster to one of the following GKE versions:

  • 1.28.3-gke.1090000 or later.


You can mitigate this issue by configuring the port and containerPort in the Service manifest to be the same value.

Packet drops for hairpin connection flows

When a Pod creates a TCP connection to itself using a Service, such that the Pod is both the source and destination of the connection, GKE Dataplane V2 eBPF connection tracking incorrectly tracks the connection states, leading to leaked conntrack entries.

When a connection tuple (protocol, source/destination IP, and source/destination port) has been leaked, new connections using the same connection tuple might result in return packets being dropped.

Fixed versions

To fix this issue, upgrade your cluster to one of the following GKE versions:

  • 1.28.3-gke.1090000 or later
  • 1.27.11-gke.1097000 or later


Use one of the following workarounds:

  • Enable TCP reuse (keep-alives) for applications running in Pods that might communicate with itself using a Service. This prevents the TCP FIN flag from being issued and avoid leaking the conntrack entry.

  • When using short-lived connections, expose the Pod using a proxy load balancer, such as Gateway, to expose the Service. This results in the destination of the connection request being set to the load balancer IP address, preventing GKE Dataplane V2 from performing SNAT to the loopback IP address.

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