Method: projects.serviceAccounts.keys.upload

Uploads the public key portion of a key pair that you manage, and associates the public key with a ServiceAccount.

After you upload the public key, you can use the private key from the key pair as a service account key.

HTTP request


The URL uses gRPC Transcoding syntax.

Path parameters



The resource name of the service account key.

Use one of the following formats:

  • projects/{PROJECT_ID}/serviceAccounts/{EMAIL_ADDRESS}
  • projects/{PROJECT_ID}/serviceAccounts/{UNIQUE_ID}

As an alternative, you can use the - wildcard character instead of the project ID:

  • projects/-/serviceAccounts/{EMAIL_ADDRESS}
  • projects/-/serviceAccounts/{UNIQUE_ID}

When possible, avoid using the - wildcard character, because it can cause response messages to contain misleading error codes. For example, if you try to access the service account projects/-/serviceAccounts/, which does not exist, the response contains an HTTP 403 Forbidden error instead of a 404 Not Found error.

Authorization requires the following IAM permission on the specified resource name:

  • iam.serviceAccountKeys.create

Request body

The request body contains data with the following structure:

JSON representation
  "publicKeyData": string

string (bytes format)

The public key to associate with the service account. Must be an RSA public key that is wrapped in an X.509 v3 certificate. Include the first line, -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----, and the last line, -----END CERTIFICATE-----.

A base64-encoded string.

Response body

If successful, the response body contains an instance of ServiceAccountKey.

Authorization scopes

Requires one of the following OAuth scopes:


For more information, see the Authentication Overview.