Quotas and limits

This document lists the quotas and limits that apply to Cloud VPN. For more information on quotas, see Virtual Private Cloud quotas.

To change a quota, see requesting additional quota.

A quota restricts how much of a shared Google Cloud resource your Google Cloud project can use, including hardware, software, and network components. Therefore, quotas are a part of a system that does the following:

  • Monitors your use or consumption of Google Cloud products and services.
  • Restricts your consumption of those resources, for reasons that include ensuring fairness and reducing spikes in usage.
  • Maintains configurations that automatically enforce prescribed restrictions.
  • Provides a means to request or make changes to the quota.

In most cases, when a quota is exceeded, the system immediately blocks access to the relevant Google resource, and the task that you're trying to perform fails. In most cases, quotas apply to each Google Cloud project and are shared across all applications and IP addresses that use that Google Cloud project.

There are also limits on Cloud VPN resources. These limits are unrelated to the quota system. Limits cannot be changed unless otherwise stated.


This table covers important quotas per project. For other quotas, see the Google Cloud console Quotas page.

Item Quota Notes
VPN gateways Quota For HA VPN only
External VPN gateways Quota For HA VPN only
VPN tunnels Quota This quota represents the combined total number of Classic VPN tunnels and HA VPN tunnels.
Routers Quota

This quota represents the number of Cloud Routers that you can create within your project, in any network and region. Networks also have a limit on the number of Cloud Routers in any given region. For more details, see Cloud Router quotas and limits.

Subject to the Cloud Router quotas and limits, the number of Cloud Routers is independent of the type of Cloud VPN gateway, Classic VPN or HA VPN, that a tunnel is attached to. The quota is applied the same to either type of gateway.

Target VPN gateways Quota For Classic VPN only
Forwarding rules Quota For Classic VPN only


The following limits apply to Cloud VPN. In this table, VPN tunnel means either a Classic VPN tunnel or an HA VPN tunnel. Unless otherwise stated, these limits cannot be increased.

Item Limit Notes
Bandwidth per VPN tunnel 250,000 packets per second for the sum of ingress and egress

250,000 packets per second is roughly equivalent to 1 Gbps to 3 Gbps, depending on the average packet size within the tunnel.

Cloud VPN only throttles egress IPsec traffic. It does not throttle ingress traffic.

For more details, see Network bandwidth.

Known issues

Be aware of the following issues:

Manage quotas

Cloud VPN enforces quotas on resource usage for various reasons. For example, quotas protect the community of Google Cloud users by preventing unforeseen spikes in usage. Quotas also help users who are exploring Google Cloud with the free tier to stay within their trial.

All projects start with the same quotas, which you can change by requesting additional quota. Some quotas might increase automatically based on your use of a product.


To view quotas or request quota increases, Identity and Access Management (IAM) principals need one of the following roles.

Task Required role
Check quotas for a project One of the following:
Modify quotas, request additional quota One of the following:
  • Project Owner (roles/owner)
  • Project Editor (roles/editor)
  • Quota Administrator (roles/servicemanagement.quotaAdmin)
  • A custom role with the serviceusage.quotas.update permission

Check your quota


  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Quotas page.

    Go to Quotas

  2. To search for the quota that you want to update, use the Filter table. If you don't know the name of the quota, use the links on this page instead.


Using the Google Cloud CLI, run the following command to check your quotas. Replace PROJECT_ID with your own project ID.

      gcloud compute project-info describe --project PROJECT_ID

To check your used quota in a region, run the following command:

    gcloud compute regions describe example-region

Errors when exceeding your quota

If you exceed a quota with a gcloud command, gcloud outputs a quota exceeded error message and returns with the exit code 1.

If you exceed a quota with an API request, Google Cloud returns the following HTTP status code: 413 Request Entity Too Large.

Request additional quota

To increase or decrease most quotas, use the Google Cloud console. For more information, see Request a higher quota.


  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Quotas page.

    Go to Quotas

  2. On the Quotas page, select the quotas that you want to change.
  3. At the top of the page, click Edit quotas.
  4. For Name, enter your name.
  5. Optional: For Phone, enter a phone number.
  6. Submit your request. Quota requests take 24 to 48 hours to process.

Resource availability

Each quota represents a maximum number for a particular type of resource that you can create, if that resource is available. It's important to note that quotas don't guarantee resource availability. Even if you have available quota, you can't create a new resource if it is not available.

For example, you might have sufficient quota to create a new regional, external IP address in the us-central1 region. However, that is not possible if there are no available external IP addresses in that region. Zonal resource availability can also affect your ability to create a new resource.

Situations where resources are unavailable in an entire region are rare. However, resources within a zone can be depleted from time to time, typically without impact to the service level agreement (SLA) for the type of resource. For more information, review the relevant SLA for the resource.

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