Quotas and limits

This document lists the quotas and limits that apply to Cloud Interconnect.

To change a quota, see requesting additional quota.

A quota restricts how much of a shared Google Cloud resource your Google Cloud project can use, including hardware, software, and network components. Therefore, quotas are a part of a system that does the following:

  • Monitors your use or consumption of Google Cloud products and services.
  • Restricts your consumption of those resources, for reasons that include ensuring fairness and reducing spikes in usage.
  • Maintains configurations that automatically enforce prescribed restrictions.
  • Provides a means to request or make changes to the quota.

In most cases, when a quota is exceeded, the system immediately blocks access to the relevant Google resource, and the task that you're trying to perform fails. In most cases, quotas apply to each Google Cloud project and are shared across all applications and IP addresses that use that Google Cloud project.

There are also limits on Cloud Interconnect resources. These limits are unrelated to the quota system. Limits cannot be changed unless otherwise stated.


This table highlights important quotas for each project. For other quotas, see the Google Cloud console Quotas page.

Item Quota Notes
Interconnect connections Quota

The number of Dedicated Interconnect connections per project.

Interconnect connections are not associated with regions or VPC networks.

VLAN attachments Quota

The number of VLAN attachments that you can configure in each region for your project. This includes VLAN attachments for both Dedicated Interconnect and Partner Interconnect.

In addition to this quota, the VLAN attachments per Interconnect applies.

VLAN attachments per Interconnect Quota The number of VLAN attachments that you can configure on a single interconnect connection.
VLAN attachments total Mbps Quota

The maximum bandwidth capacity of all VLAN attachments in a given region for a given project, irrespective of their relationship with Interconnect connections.

In addition to this quota, the limits described in the Limits table apply.

Cloud Routers Quota

The number of Cloud Routers that you can create within your project, in any network and region.

Networks also have a limit on the number of Cloud Routers in any given region.

For more details, see Cloud Router quotas and limits.


The following limits apply to Interconnect connections and VLAN attachments. Unless otherwise stated, these limits cannot be increased.

Item Limit Notes
Maximum number of physical circuits per Interconnect connection 8 x 10 Gbps (80-Gbps) circuits or
2 x 100 Gbps (200-Gbps) circuits

An Interconnect connection is a logical connection to Google, made up of one or more physical circuits. You can request one of the following circuit choices:

  • Up to 2 x 100 Gbps (200-Gbps) circuits.
  • 10-Gbps increments up to eight circuits (80 Gbps) to increase the maximum total bandwidth of all VLAN attachments that use the Interconnect connection to 80 Gbps.

    To determine the bandwidth, multiply the number of physical circuits by the bandwidth per circuit (10 Gbps).

Maximum bandwidth per VLAN attachment Capacities from 50 Mbps to 50 Gbps

The maximum possible bandwidth per VLAN attachment depends on the bandwidth capacity that you order. For capacities, see the Pricing page. For Partner Interconnect, not all service providers offer all capacities.

The throughput of individual flows on a VLAN attachment is limited. To achieve maximum throughput, you must use multiple five-tuple flows (for example: 10+) with packet sizes within the MTU of the VLAN attachment.

Maximum total packet rate per VLAN attachment

Dataplane v1: This rate varies according to the attachment's capacity:

  • The maximum rate for a 50-Gbps VLAN attachment is 6.25 M packets per second (pps).
  • The maximum rate for a 10-Gbps VLAN attachment is 1.25 M packets per second (pps).
The maximum packet rate for the entire VLAN attachment.
Maximum bandwidth per traffic flow on a VLAN attachment
  • Dataplane v2: 10 Gbps
  • Dataplane v1: 3 Gbps
  • Even if you configure your attachment with a higher bandwidth, an individual traffic flow might be limited to the maximum defined for the Dataplane version.

A traffic flow to a destination in a VPC network is identified by either a five-tuple hash for non-fragmented packets or a three-tuple hash for fragmented packets. In addition, traffic flows that use Private Google Access for on-premises hosts are identified by a three-tuple hash.

  • A five-tuple hash consists of a protocol, source IP address, source port, destination IP address, and destination port.
  • A three-tuple hash consists of a protocol, source IP address, and destination IP address.

The following cases describe where the maximum bandwidth is lower than the 3 Gbps or 10 Gbps limit:

  • If the bandwidth capacity of your VLAN attachment is less than the maximum for its Dataplane version (3 Gbps or 10 Gbps), the bandwidth per traffic flow is limited by the bandwidth of the VLAN attachment.
  • If you reach the maximum packet rate per traffic flow (as described in the next section).
Maximum packet rate per traffic flow on a VLAN attachment
  • Dataplane v2: 10,000,000 packets per second (pps)
  • Dataplane v1: 250,000 packets per second
The maximum rate of packets per traffic flow, identified by a five-tuple hash for non-fragmented packets and by a three-tuple hash for fragmented packets (as described in the previous section).
Maximum transmission unit (MTU)
  • 1,440 bytes
  • 1,460 bytes
  • 1,500 bytes
  • 8,896 bytes
Depending on the VLAN attachment MTU setting, the size of the largest IP address packet that can be transmitted over a VLAN attachment. For more information, see the Cloud Interconnect MTU section.
Maximum lifetime of (Partner Interconnect) VLAN attachment pairing key 28 days

The maximum amount of time that can pass between generating a (Partner Interconnect) VLAN attachment pairing key and successful attachment provisioning by the service provider.

If a pairing key is no longer valid, you delete and create a new pairing key for the Partner Interconnect service provider to use.

Cloud Router limits

Because Dedicated Interconnect and Partner Interconnect require Cloud Router, all the Cloud Router quotas and limits apply.

There are limits on the maximum number of learned routes and on the number of advertised routes. For more information, see the Cloud Router Quotas and limits page.

Manage quotas

Cloud Interconnect enforces quotas on resource usage for various reasons. For example, quotas protect the community of Google Cloud users by preventing unforeseen spikes in usage. Quotas also help users who are exploring Google Cloud with the free tier to stay within their trial.

All projects start with the same quotas, which you can change by requesting additional quota. Some quotas might increase automatically based on your use of a product.


To view quotas or request quota increases, Identity and Access Management (IAM) principals need one of the following roles.

Task Required role
Check quotas for a project One of the following:
Modify quotas, request additional quota One of the following:
  • Project Owner (roles/owner)
  • Project Editor (roles/editor)
  • Quota Administrator (roles/servicemanagement.quotaAdmin)
  • A custom role with the serviceusage.quotas.update permission

Check your quota


  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Quotas page.

    Go to Quotas

  2. To search for the quota that you want to update, use the Filter table. If you don't know the name of the quota, use the links on this page instead.


Using the Google Cloud CLI, run the following command to check your quotas. Replace PROJECT_ID with your own project ID.

      gcloud compute project-info describe --project PROJECT_ID

To check your used quota in a region, run the following command:

    gcloud compute regions describe example-region

Errors when exceeding your quota

If you exceed a quota with a gcloud command, gcloud outputs a quota exceeded error message and returns with the exit code 1.

If you exceed a quota with an API request, Google Cloud returns the following HTTP status code: 413 Request Entity Too Large.

Request additional quota

To increase or decrease most quotas, use the Google Cloud console. For more information, see Request a higher quota.


  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Quotas page.

    Go to Quotas

  2. On the Quotas page, select the quotas that you want to change.
  3. At the top of the page, click Edit quotas.
  4. For Name, enter your name.
  5. Optional: For Phone, enter a phone number.
  6. Submit your request. Quota requests take 24 to 48 hours to process.

Resource availability

Each quota represents a maximum number for a particular type of resource that you can create, if that resource is available. It's important to note that quotas don't guarantee resource availability. Even if you have available quota, you can't create a new resource if it is not available.

For example, you might have sufficient quota to create a new regional, external IP address in the us-central1 region. However, that is not possible if there are no available external IP addresses in that region. Zonal resource availability can also affect your ability to create a new resource.

Situations where resources are unavailable in an entire region are rare. However, resources within a zone can be depleted from time to time, typically without impact to the service level agreement (SLA) for the type of resource. For more information, review the relevant SLA for the resource.

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