Cloud Key Management
Scale your security globally
Scale your application to Google’s global footprint while letting Google worry about the challenges of key management, including managing redundancy, latency, and data residency.
Help achieve your compliance requirements
Easily encrypt your data in the cloud using software-backed encryption keys, FIPS 140-2 Level 3 validated HSMs, customer-provided keys or an External Key Manager.
Leverage from integration with Google Cloud products
Use customer-managed encryption keys (CMEK) to control the encryption of data across Google Cloud products while benefiting from additional security features, such as Google Cloud IAM and audit logs.
Cloud Key Management Service documentation
Learn how to create, import, and manage cryptographic keys and perform cryptographic operations in a single centralized cloud service.
Cloud HSM documentation
Get an overview of Cloud HSM and learn how to create and use HSM-protected encryption keys in Cloud Key Management Service.
Cloud External Key Manager documentation
Find an overview of Cloud External Key Manager (Cloud EKM).
Cloud Key Management Service deep dive
Learn more about the inner workings of the Cloud
KMS platform and how it helps you protect the keys
and other sensitive data that you store in Google
Learn more about the inner workings of the Cloud KMS platform and how it helps you protect the keys and other sensitive data that you store in Google Cloud.
Using customer-managed encryption keys (CMEK) with GKE
Learn how to use customer-managed encryption keys (CMEK) on Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE).
Using customer-managed encryption keys with Cloud SQL
The CMEK feature lets you use your own cryptographic keys for data at rest in Cloud SQL, including MySQL, PostgreSQL, and SQL Server.
Using customer-managed encryption keys (CMEK) with Dataproc
See how to use CMEK to encrypt data on the PDs associated with the VMs in your Dataproc cluster and/or the cluster metadata.
Using customer-managed encryption keys with Data Fusion
Learn how customer-managed encryption keys provide user control over the data written by Cloud Data Fusion pipelines.
Cloud KMS, together with Cloud HSM and Cloud EKM, supports a wide range of compliance mandates that call for specific key management procedures and technologies. It does so in a scalable, cloud-native way, without undermining the agility of the cloud implementation. Various mandates call for hardware encryption (HSM), keys being separated from data (EKM), or keys being handled securely (KMS overall). Key management is compliant with FIPS 140-2.
Customers who are subject to compliance regulations may be required to store their keys and perform crypto operations in a FIPS 140-2 Level 3 validated device. By allowing customers to store their keys in a FIPS validated HSM, they are able to meet their regulator’s demand and maintain compliance in the cloud. This is also critical for customers seeking a level of assurance that the cloud provider cannot see or export their key material.
Customers subject to regulatory or regional security requirements need to adopt cloud computing while retaining the encryption keys in their possession. External Key Manager allows them to maintain separation between data at rest and encryption keys while still leveraging the power of cloud for compute and analytics. This is accomplished with full visibility into who has access to the keys, when they have been used, and where they are located.
Key Access Justifications gives Google Cloud customers visibility into every request for an encryption key, a justification for that request, and a mechanism to approve or deny decryption in the context of that request. The use cases focus on both enforcement and visibility for data access.
Seamlessly encrypt data as it is sent to the cloud, using your external key management solution, in a way that only a confidential VM service can decrypt and compute on it.
|Symmetric and asymmetric key support||Cloud KMS allows you to create, use, rotate, automatically rotate, and destroy AES256 symmetric and RSA 2048, RSA 3072, RSA 4096, EC P256, and EC P384 asymmetric cryptographic keys. With HSM, encrypt, decrypt, and sign with AES-256 symmetric and RSA 2048, RSA 3072, RSA 4096, EC P256, and EC P384 asymmetric cryptographic keys.|
|Create external keys with EKM||Generate your external key using one of the following external key managers: Equinix, Fortanix, Ionic, Thales, and Unbound. Once you have linked your external key with Cloud KMS, you can use it to protect data at rest in BigQuery and Compute Engine.|
|Delay for key destruction||Cloud KMS has a built-in 24-hour delay for key material destruction, to prevent accidental or malicious data loss.|
|Encrypt and decrypt via API||Cloud KMS is a REST API that can use a key to encrypt, decrypt, or sign data, such as secrets for storage.|
|High global availability||Cloud KMS is available in several global locations and across multi-regions, allowing you to place your service where you want for low latency and high availability.|
|Automated and at-will key rotation||Cloud KMS allows you to set a rotation schedule for symmetric keys to automatically generate a new key version at a fixed time interval. Multiple versions of a symmetric key can be active at any time for decryption, with only one primary key version used for encrypting new data. With EKM, create an externally managed key directly from the Cloud KSM console.|
|Statement attestation with HSM||With Cloud HSM, verify that a key was created in the HSM with attestation tokens generated for key creation operations.|
|Integration with GKE||Encrypt Kubernetes secrets at the application-layer in GKE with keys you manage in Cloud KMS. In addition, you can store API keys, passwords, certificates, and other sensitive data with the Secret Manager storage system.|
|Maintain key-data separation||With EKM, maintain separation between your data at rest and your encryption keys while still leveraging the power of cloud for compute and analytics.|
|Key data residency||If using Cloud KMS, your cryptographic keys will be stored in the region where you deploy the resource. You also have the option of storing those keys inside a physical Hardware Security Module located in the region you choose with Cloud HSM.|
|Key import||You may be using existing cryptographic keys that were created on your premises or in an external key management system. You can import them into Cloud HSM keys or import software keys into Cloud KMS.|
|Justified access||Get a clear reason for every decryption request that will cause your data to change state from at-rest to in-use with Key Access Justifications.|
|Automated policy||Key Access Justifications lets you set automated policies that approve or deny access to keys based on specific justifications. Let your external key manager, provided by Google Cloud technology partners, take care of the rest.|
|Integrity commitment||Controls provided by Key Access Justifications are covered by Google’s integrity commitments, so that you know they can be trusted.|
|Cloud KMS: active key versions||$0.06 per month|
|Cloud KMS: key use operations (Encrypt/ Decrypt)||$0.03 per 10,000 operations|
|Cloud KMS: key admin operations||free|
|Cloud HSM: key versions (AES256, RSA2048)||$1.00 per month|
|Cloud HSM: key versions (RSA 3072, RSA 4096)||
0–2,000 key versions: $2.50 per month
2,001+ key versions: $1.00 per month
|Cloud HSM: key versions (EC P256, EC P384)||
0–2,000 key versions: $2.50 per month
2,001+ key versions: $1.00 per month
|Cloud EKM: key versions||$3.00 per month|
|Cloud EKM: key use operations||$0.03 per 10,000 operations|